Whiting Petroleum announces fourth quarter and full-year 2012 financial and operating results

Thursday, February 28, 2013      
  • At year-end 2012, Whiting's probable reserves were estimated to be 115.2 MMBOE and our possible reserves were estimated to be 171.2 MMBOE, for a total of 286.3 MMBOE.
  • Based on independent engineering and internal estimates, Whiting projects it has a total of 9,661 gross (4,503.2 net) potential future drilling locations.

Whiting Petroleum Corporation's (NYSE: WLL) production in the fourth quarter of 2012 totaled 7.917 million barrels of oil equivalent (MMBOE), of which 86% were crude oil/natural gas liquids (NGLs). This fourth quarter 2012 production total equates to a daily average production rate of 86,055 barrels of oil equivalent (BOE), representing a 22% increase over the fourth quarter 2011 average daily rate of 70,685 BOE per day and a 4% increase over the third quarter 2012 average daily rate of 82,615 BOE per day.
Production in 2012 totaled a record 30.21 MMBOE or 82,540 BOE per day. This represents a 22% increase over total production of 24.78 MMBOE or 67,890 BOE per day in 2011. Adding back the 4,500 BOE per day of production that was conveyed to Whiting USA Trust II in March 2012, our production in 2012 was up 28% over 2011.

James J. Volker, Whiting’s Chairman and CEO, commented, “2012 was a record year for Whiting Petroleum, and we are off to a great start in 2013. The development of the fields we discovered in 2011 such as Pronghorn, Hidden Bench, Tarpon and Redtail generated excellent results in 2012. In the wake of this development, we posted records in production, proved reserves and discretionary cash flow.According to the December 2012 Oil and Gas Production Report published by the North Dakota State Industrial Commission, Department of Minerals, Oil and Gas Division, Whiting was the number one oil producer in North Dakota at 66,155.7 barrels per day.”

Mr. Volker continued, “For the foreseeable future, our objective is to generate double-digit production growth while spending close to our discretionary cash flow. Our 2013 capital budget of $2.2 billion is expected to yield year-over-year production growth in the 12% to 16% range.”

We believe the following factors will lead to a strong year in 2013 for Whiting and our shareholders:

  • Optimization programs that should lead to efficient, low-cost drilling and completion operations;
  • Higher density pilot projects at Sanish, Pronghorn and Hidden Bench;
  • Solid cash flow and balance sheet;
  • Strong Bakken oil prices as differentials improve;
  • The emergence of our Redtail prospect as a major resource play.

Operating and Financial Results

The following table summarizes the fourth quarter operating and financial results for 2012 and 2011:

Three Months Ended December 31,
Production (MBOE/d) 86.06 70.69 22 %
Discretionary Cash Flow-MM$ (1) 381.7 328.8 16 %
Realized Price ($/BOE) 71.09 75.07 (5 ) %
Total Revenues-MM$ 577.1 498.6 16 %
Net Income Available to Common Shareholders-MM$ 81.4 62.6 30 %
Per Basic Share $0.69 $0.54 28 %
Per Diluted Share $0.69 $0.53 30 %
Adjusted Net Income Available to Common Shareholders-MM$ (2) 97.9 124.5 (21 ) %
Per Basic Share $0.83 $1.06 (22 ) %
Per Diluted Share $0.83 $1.05 (21 ) %
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
Production (MBOE/d) 82.54 67.89 22 %
Discretionary Cash Flow-MM$ (1) 1,387.5 1,242.7 12 %
Realized Price ($/BOE) 69.85 73.88 (5 ) %
Total Revenues-MM$ 2,173.5 1,899.6 14 %
Net Income Available to Common Shareholders-MM$ 413.1 490.6 (16 ) %
Per Basic Share $3.51 $4.18 (16 ) %
Per Diluted Share $3.48 $4.14 (16 ) %
Adjusted Net Income Available to Common Shareholders-MM$ (2) 393.5 456.2 (14 ) %
Per Basic Share $3.35 $3.89 (14 ) %
Per Diluted Share $3.31 $3.85 (14 ) %

(1) A reconciliation of discretionary cash flow to net cash provided by operating activities is included later in this news release.
(2) A reconciliation of adjusted net income available to common shareholders to net income available to common shareholders is included later in this news release.

Proved Reserves at December 31, 2012

As of December 31, 2012, Whiting had estimated proved reserves of 378.8 MMBOE, of which 64% were classified as proved developed. These estimated proved reserves had a pre-tax PV10% value of $7,283.9 million, of which approximately 99% came from properties located in Whiting’s Rocky Mountain, Permian Basin and Mid-Continent core areas.

The following is a summary of Whiting’s changes in quantities of proved oil and gas reserves for the year ended December 31, 2012:

Oil (MBbl)




Total (MBOE)
Balance – December 31, 2011 260,144 37,609 284,975 345,249
Extensions and discoveries 68,134 6,526 40,915 81,479
Sales of minerals in place (7,960 ) (320 ) (13,987 ) (10,611 )
Production (23,139 ) (2,766 ) (25,827 ) (30,209 )
Revisions to previous estimates 4,106 (951 ) (61,812 ) (7,148 )
Balance – December 31, 2012 301,285 40,098 224,264 378,760

Whiting’s proved reserves of 378.8 MMBOE represented a 10% increase over the 345.2 MMBOE of proved reserves at year-end 2011, which equates to 246% reserve replacement (81,479 MBOE extensions and discoveries less 7,148 MBOE revisions equals 74,331 MBOE in net reserves added; 74,331 MBOE divided by 30,209 MBOE production = 246% reserve replacement). Adding back the 10.6 MMBOE that was conveyed to Whiting USA Trust II, our proved reserves were up 13%. An estimated 81.5 MMBOE of proved reserves were added through exploration and development activities. This represents a 68% increase over the 48.6 MMBOE of proved reserves that were added from exploration and development in 2011.

Most of the proved reserve additions during 2012 came from the Company’s Bakken and Three Forks development in the Williston Basin of North Dakota and Montana. Whiting booked an estimated 66.4 MMBOE of new Bakken and Three Forks proved reserves, bringing its total proved reserves in the Northern Rockies to 165.1 MMBOE at year-end 2012. Of this 165.1 MMBOE, 67% were proved developed and 33% were proved undeveloped.

Probable and Possible Reserves at December 31, 2012

At year-end 2012, Whiting’s probable reserves were estimated to be 115.2 MMBOE and our possible reserves were estimated to be 171.2 MMBOE, for a total of 286.3 MMBOE. The year-end 2012 estimated pre-tax PV10% for our probable and possible reserves was $2,621.4 million.

As with our proved reserves, 100% of Whiting’s probable and possible reserve estimates were independently engineered by Cawley, Gillespie & Associates, Inc. Please refer to “Disclosure Regarding Reserves and Resources” later in this news release for information on probable and possible reserves.

The following table summarizes our proved, probable and possible reserves:

3P Reserves (1)
Natural PV10%
Oil NGLS Gas Total % Value % of
(In MM)
Proved 301.3 40.1 224.3 378.8 80% $7,284(2) 73%
Probable 85.0 11.9 109.6 115.2 74% $1,262(3) 13%
Possible 123.2 21.9 156.4 171.2 72% $1,359(3) 14%

(1) Oil and gas reserve quantities and related discounted future net cash flows have been derived from oil and gas prices calculated using an average of the first-day-of-the month NYMEX price for each month within the 12 months ended December 31, 2012, pursuant to current SEC and FASB guidelines. The NYMEX prices used were $94.71/Bbl and $2.76/MMBtu.
(2) Pre-tax PV10% of Proved reserves may be considered a non-GAAP financial measure as defined by the SEC and is derived from the standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows, which is the most directly comparable US GAAP financial measure. Pre-tax PV10% is computed on the same basis as the standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows but without deducting future income taxes. As of December 31, 2012, our discounted future income taxes were $1,876.9 million and our standardized measure of after-tax discounted future net cash flows was $5,407.0 million. We believe pre-tax PV10% is a useful measure for investors for evaluating the relative monetary significance of our oil and natural gas properties. We further believe investors may utilize our pre-tax PV10% as a basis for comparison of the relative size and value of our proved reserves to other companies because many factors that are unique to each individual company impact the amount of future income taxes to be paid. Our management uses this measure when assessing the potential return on investment related to our oil and gas properties and acquisitions. However, pre-tax PV10% is not a substitute for the standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows. Our pre-tax PV10% and the standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows do not purport to present the fair value of our proved oil and natural gas reserves.
(3) Pre-tax PV10% of probable or possible reserves represent the present value of estimated future revenues to be generated from the production of probable or possible reserves, calculated net of estimated lease operating expenses, production taxes and future development costs, using costs as of the date of estimation without future escalation and using 12-month average prices, without giving effect to non-property related expenses such as general and administrative expenses, debt service and depreciation, depletion and amortization, or future income taxes and discounted using an annual discount rate of 10%. With respect to pre-tax PV10% amounts for probable or possible reserves, there do not exist any directly comparable US GAAP measures, and such amounts do not purport to present the fair value of our probable and possible reserves.

Potential Future Drilling Locations

Based on independent engineering and internal estimates, Whiting projects it has a total of 9,661 gross (4,503.2 net) potential future drilling locations. These consist of 7,556 gross (3,623.3 net) primary locations identified in our reserve database and 2,105 gross (879.9 net) prospective locations supported by successful exploration drilling or extensive geoscience. Of these gross locations, 50% are located in our Williston Basin Bakken/Three Forks plays and 25% are located in our Redtail Niobrara play.

The following table summarizes our potential gross and net drilling locations by core area:

Identified Primary Locations
Northern Rockies Gross
Wells per Spacing Unit
Southern Williston (Lewis & Clark; Pronghorn) 1,104 410.2 3 Pronghorn Sand / 1280
Western Williston(1) (Cassandra; Hidden Bench; Tarpon; Missouri Breaks) 1,174 380.5 4 Middle BKN; 3 Upper TFK / 1280
Sanish (Sanish; Parshall) (2) 260 118.1 3.5 Middle BKN; 3 Upper TFK / 1280
Other (3) 588 340.3
Total 3,126 1,249.1
Central Rockies
Redtail Niobrara 2,420 1,215.7 8 Nio "B"; 4 Nio "A" / 640 - 960
Other (4) 958 654.1
Total 3,378 1,869.8
Gulf Coast 131 98.1
Mid-Cont 41 33.7
Permian Basin (5) 817 319.3
Michigan 63 53.3
Total Primary Inventory 7,556 3,623.3
Identified Prospective Locations
Williston Basin
Williston Basin New Objectives Gross
Wells per Spacing Unit
Missouri Breaks Upper Three Forks 321 102.8 3 Upper TFK / 1280
Hidden Bench Lower Bakken Silt / Higher Density Pilot 556 161.9 4 BKN Silt; 4 Middle BKN per 1280
Cassandra Lower Three Forks 120 40.0 4 Lower TFK per 1280
Tarpon Lower Three Forks 40 15.0 3 Lower TFK per 1280
Total 1,037 319.7
Williston Basin Higher Density Locations
Pronghorn Sand Higher Density 453 167.3 3 Add'l Pronghorn Sand / 1280
Sanish Higher Density and Infill 191 175.9 3 Add'l Middle BKN / 1280
Total 644 343.2
Williston Basin Total Prospective Locations 1,681 662.9
Permian Basin
Big Tex Horizontal 424 217.0 6 Upper Wolfcamp / 640
Total Prospective Inventory 2,105 879.9
Total Potential Locations (6) 9,661 4,503.2

Tarpon primary development on 3 Middle BKN; 2 Upper TKS due to high natural fracturing. Excludes Upper TFK at Missouri Breaks.
Cross unit boundary wells at Sanish result in an average of 3.5 wells per spacing unit. Parshall was developed on 640-acre spacing units and there is no Three Forks.
Various fields in North Dakota and Montana, including Big Island, Starbuck, Big Stick and others.
Various fields in Colorado, Wyoming and Utah including Sulphur Creek, Fontenelle, Nitchie Gulch, Flat Rock and others.
Various fields in Texas and New Mexico including Jo-Mill, West Jo-Mill, Garza, Signal Peak and others.
Locations include both 3P reserves and Resource Potential.

2012 Capital Expenditures

Whiting’s capital expenditures totaled $2,112 million in 2012 or approximately $212 million above its $1,900 million capital budget. The increase was due to a higher level of both operated and non-operated drilling activity. In total, we completed 192.9 net wells versus a projected 160 net wells.

2013 Capital Budget

Our 2013 capital budget is $2,200 million, which we expect to fund substantially with net cash provided by our operating activities, borrowings under our credit facility and certain oil and gas property divestitures. Whiting expects to invest $1,914 million of the 2013 capital budget in exploration and development activity, $108 million for land, and $178 million for facilities. Based on this level of capital spending, we forecast production of 33.8 MMBOE – 35.0 MMBOE for 2013, an increase of 12% - 16% over our 2012 production of 30.2 MMBOE.

Our 2013 capital budget is currently allocated among our major development areas as indicated in the table below:

CAPEX Gross Net
% of Total
Northern Rockies $1,142
219 148 52%
EOR 240 NA(2) NA(2) 11%
Central Rockies 136 37 27 6%
Non-Operated 164 7%
Land 108 5%
Exploration (1) 82 4%
Facilities 178 8%
Well Work, Misc. Costs 150 7%
Total Budget $2,200 256 175 100%

(1) Comprised primarily of exploration salaries, seismic activities, delay rentals and exploratory drilling.
(2) These multi-year CO2 projects involve many re-entries, workovers and conversions. Therefore, they are budgeted on a project basis not a well basis.

Operations Update

Core Development Areas

Bakken and Three Forks Development

In 2012, we experienced significant productivity increases as we moved into development drilling mode in new fields in the Southern and Western Williston Basin. As the following table illustrates, our average well drilled in the Bakken / Pronghorn / Three Forks hydrocarbon system posted higher 30, 60 and 90-day average rates year-over-year:

Average Rate All Whiting
Bakken, Pronghorn, Three Forks Wells
30-Day 60-Day 90-Day
2012 572 470 403
2011 432 373 338

Southern Williston Basin

The Southern Williston Basin encompasses our Pronghorn and Lewis & Clark prospects, which encompass a total of 398,334 gross (262,974 net) acres. Fourth quarter 2012 production from this region averaged 13,430 BOE per day. This daily rate represents a 10% increase over the 12,190 BOE per day rate in the third quarter of 2012.

Pronghorn Prospect. We experienced exceptional drilling results in the fourth quarter at our Pronghorn prospect. As detailed in the following table, significant fourth quarter 2012 completions include eight wells with 24-hour initial production rates that exceeded 2,000 BOE per day:

Well Name
IP Date
3J TRUST 44-8PH 11/24/2012 89% 2,696
FROEHLICH 11-28PH 11/27/2012 89% 2,644
MARSH 34-18PH 12/09/2012 65% 2,340
FROEHLICH 21-28PH 11/28/2012 89% 2,301
OBRIGEWITCH 41-17PH 11/24/2012 96% 2,292
FROEHLICH 41-28PH 11/27/2012 89% 2,288
FRANK 14-7PH 11/14/2012 90% 2,165
OBRIGEWITCH 41-16PH 11/27/2012 89% 2,110
Average 87% 2,355

We intend to conduct a higher density pilot program at Pronghorn. Our plan is to drill six Pronghorn Sand wells per 1,280-acre spacing unit, which is up from our initial plan of three wells per spacing unit.

Western Williston Basin

The Western Williston Basin includes our Hidden Bench, Tarpon, Missouri Breaks and Cassandra prospects. These areas represent a total of 183,508 gross (114,732 net) acres. Production from the Western Williston Basin averaged 5,120 BOE per day in the fourth quarter of 2012, which represented a 47% increase over the 3,485 BOE per day average rate in the third quarter of 2012.

Tarpon Prospect. We drilled another prolific well at our Tarpon prospect in McKenzie County, North Dakota. The Tarpon Federal 21-4-3H was tested on December 28, 2012 flowing 4,971 barrels of oil and 11,450 Mcf of gas (6,879 BOE) per day from the Middle Bakken formation. This is the third best well drilled to date in the Williston Basin, the first being Whiting’s Tarpon Federal 21-4H with an initial production rate of 7,009 BOE per day. We hold a 56% working interest and a 45% net revenue interest in the Tarpon Federal 21-4-3H. We have implemented pad drilling at Tarpon with plans to drill three wells off of each pad.

Hidden Bench Prospect. Based on core analysis, we have identified an additional reservoir positioned between the Middle Bakken and Three Forks that has demonstrated high oil in place and may significantly increase reserves in this area. We plan to test this zone which we refer to as the "Middle Bakken Silt" by drilling 160 acre spaced wells above and below this target zone and stimulating these wells with large frac volumes. We believe that this higher density drilling could also improve our recovery efficiency in the Middle Bakken reservoir.

Missouri Breaks Prospect. We hold 95,928 gross (66,095 net) acres in the Missouri Breaks prospect, located in Richland County, Montana and McKenzie County, North Dakota. We continue to de-risk our acreage in the Missouri Breaks area. We have now drilled successful wells on the western, eastern and southern portions of our acreage. On October 27, 2012, we completed the Amber Elizabeth 9-4H in the Middle Bakken formation flowing 1,315 BOE per day. This was our first well drilled in the eastern portion of Missouri Breaks.

Sanish Field

Whiting’s net production from the Sanish field averaged 32,590 BOE per day in the fourth quarter of 2012, an increase of 4% over the third quarter 2012 average of 31,400 BOE per day. Net production from Sanish in 2012 totaled 11.4 MMBOE (an average of 31,081 BOE per day), representing a 40% increase over 2011. Whiting continues to generate strong results from the field. Highlighting recent results was the completion of the Fladeland 14-33H, which was completed in the Middle Bakken formation flowing 3,220 BOE per day. This wing well’s 7,279-foot lateral was fraced in a total of 22 stages.

Also of note was the completion of the Lioneld Fladeland 12-12H, which was completed in the Middle Bakken formation flowing 2,747 BOE per day on December 15, 2012. This well was drilled on the western edge of the Sanish field and was fraced in 30 stages.

We plan to initiate a higher density pilot program in the Sanish field in the first half of 2013. If successful, this could add an additional three Middle Bakken locations per 1,280-acre spacing unit. We also plan to refrac several wells at Sanish in 2013.


Article Tags

Whiting Petroleum United States North America Finance Operations Update Production Update Fracking Houston Seismic Spud Watch

This article is for information and discussion purposes only and does not form a recommendation to invest or otherwise. The value of an investment may fall. The investments referred to in this article may not be suitable for all investors, and if in doubt, an investor should seek advice from a qualified investment adviser. More

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